Phase 2 (2002 ~ 2008)
Endless challenge of Incheon International Airport
Through the second phase construction, further expansion was made with construction of concourses, runway 3, cargo terminals, and surrounding facilities. With this, Incheon International Airport took a step forward to becoming a high-tech airport with world-class infrastructure and a hub airport that represents Northeast Asia.
Runway 3 construction
4,000 x 60m
(2.5 miles x 0.03 miles)
2 tril, 968.8 bil. won
(2.6 bil. USD)
- Flight capacity 170,000 per year
- Cargo capacity 1.8 mil. tons
- Passenger capacity 24 mil. per year
Airport Railroad Express
Seoul Station ↔ Terminal 1
61㎞ (37.9 miles)
Phase 2 construction
- Construction Period 77 months
9.5 mil. ㎡
(government subsidy 40%) 2 tril, 968.8 bil. won
(2.6 bil. USD)
(Terminal 1) 49Passenger Aprons
Attached Aprons (gate)
F: 5 E: 12 D: 13
- Remote Aprons
- Attached Aprons (gate)
No. of Allocated
Equipment Units 830,000 per year
- Passenger Capacity 24 mil. per year
- Construction Workforce 4 mil. per year
Intra Airport Transit (IAT)
(double track line shuttle)
0.9㎞ (0.6 miles)
- Flight Capacity 170,000 per year
- Cargo Capacity 1.8 mil. tons
- Airport Railway (Seoul Station - Terminal 1) 91㎞ (56.5 miles)
- Parking Spaces (cargo)1,079
- Cargo Aprons 12
(4,000×60m / 2.5 x 0.03 miles)
Phase 2 construction overview
|Construction Period||2002.01 ~ 2008.06 (77 months)|
Concourses: 166,000㎡ (16.6 ha)
49 passenger aprons, 12 cargo aprons
|Project Cost||2 tril 968.8 bil. won (2.5 bil. USD)|
2004.06.28 Commencement of earthwork and piling for concourses
2007.07.30 Completion of Runway 3 paving
2008.06.20 Completion of the second phase construction and beginning of operation
|Flight Capacity||0.17 mil. per year|
|Cargo Capacity||1.8 mil. tons|
|Passenger Capacity||24 mil. per year|
|Airport Railroad Express||Seoul Station - T1 double-track: 61㎞ (38 mile)|
Photo Gallery 1page
The concourses, located in the north of Terminal 1, are a facility to accommodate passengers built to the scale of 166,000m2 (16.6 ha) in total area and 918m (0.6mile) in length with two underground and five above-ground floors. The underground floors contain the shuttle train (IAT: Intra Airport Transit) and the baggage handling system (BHS).
The exterior design of the concourses, which is based on the tenderness of Korean beauty combined with the country’s high-tech image, harmonizes with the adjacent passenger terminal. Also, the center area of the third floor is a long-span district designed with a column-free space of 55m and serves as a large public area.
Runway 3 has a length of 4,000m (2.5 mile) and a width of 60m (196.9ft). It was designed to be 4,000m long to accommodate the very large and ultra-high-speed aircrafts to be introduced in future and as technical considerations for the increase in the takeoff distance due to temperature increase caused by the global warming, etc. With completion of Runway 3, Incheon International Airport became equipped with two 3,750m (2.3 mile) runways and one 4,000m (2.5 mile) runway that allow it to provide services for the next-generation large-sized and high-speed aircrafts.
Passenger apronsThrough the second phase construction, a total of 49 passenger aprons, including 30 boarding gates (attached aprons) and 19 remote aprons, were constructed. This took Incheon International Airport one step closer to becoming the hub airport in Northeast Asia in the 21st century that lives up to its reputation.
Through the second phase construction, a total of 12 cargo aprons were constructed, with four in the northern area of the cargo terminal and eight in the level 1 eastern area.
IAT/BHS tunnelThe IAT/BHS tunnel is an underground concrete structure that connects the passenger terminals and the concourses, built to accommodate the automated intra-airport transit and the baggage handling system between the passenger terminals and concourses as well as the automated train depot and utility facilities including those for waterworks, electricity, air conditioning, etc.
Apron control tower 1
The apron control tower is a 65m(213.3 ft)-high steel frame structure with one underground and 12 above-ground floors responsible for control of the aprons and aircraft stands. This separate control tower for aprons was built because the airport’s functions were expanded with the phase 2 construction, giving rise to the expectation that the sole operation of the main control tower would cause many problems in the airport’s operation.
Baggage handling system(BHS)
Through the phase 2 construction, 67km (41.6 mile) of the baggage handling system was constructed, which is three times the size of the BHS built in the phase 1 construction. The reason for building such a large scale system was the need for the system expansion in the existing passenger terminals and for a transportation system that connects the passenger terminals and the concourses. The most noticeable feature of the BHS built during the phase 2 construction was its implementation of the high speed system (HSS), which remarkably reduced the carriage time taken between the passenger terminals and the concourses (more than 1km(0.6 mile). The maximum speed of HSS is 7m/s(158.8mi/h), which is about three times faster than the maximum speed of a belt conveyor, which is 2.5m/s (5.6 mi/h).
Airport Railroad Express : 2001.3-2010.12
AREX, Korea’s first privately financed railroad project
The Airport Railroad Express construction was the first privately financed railroad project in Korea, and it was a large-scale project with the plan to build 10 stations and one train depot within a total distance of 61km (38 mile) and a total construction cost of 4 trillion and 218.4 bil. won(186 mil USD)(The AREX passes through 10 stations in total from Incheon International Airport Terminal 1 Station to Seoul Station including Incheon International Airport Cargo Terminal, Cheongna International City, Gimpo International Airport, and Hongik University. It is an optimal public transportation facility with an average train speed of 70km(43.5 mile), which is about twice that of regular urban trains (30km)(18.6 mile).
ICAO Aerodome Reference Code
ICO Aerodome Reference Code is A-to-F classification of aircrafts by size based on the wing span and the outer main gear wheel span. Airbus A380, which is known as the biggest passenger aircraft, is a code F aircraft.
Aircraft types based on size criteria
|Code||Wing Span||Outer Main Gear Wheel Span||Typical Airplanes|
|C||24m but <36m||6m but <9m||B737, A320|
|D||36m but <52m||9m but <14m||A300, B767|
|E||52m but <65m||9m but <14m||B747|
|F||65m but <80m||14m but <16m||A380|